What are the hydroquinone side effects? This article contain insights on adverse effects of hydroquinone and its effectiveness for skin lightening.
Is Hydroquinone Safe – for Skin Lightening
Hydroquinone is a popular skin bleaching agent mostly for conditions like chloasma. It is sometimes combined with Retin-A to enhance the bleaching results.
This bleaching agent has been used for almost 20 years. It is safe though mildly controversial on its skin burning sensation and irritations. It is used together with other topical steroids to minimize the skin inflammations.
This bleaching agent is used in lightening resistant pigmentations on your skin. Like any other method of skin lightening such as skin whitening pills, when using hydroquinone you are supposed to protect yourself from the sun to avoid some of its side effects.
This bleaching agent causes the skin to become hypersensitive to sun rays. You are supposed to wear sunscreens such as a hat, sunglasses and long sleeved clothing’s especially during summer time. Sun rays contains UV lights that are harmful to a sensitive skin.
Low dosages under the protection of solar rays is an effective way of lightening your skin and controlling the skin hyperpigmentation’s. Continues usage of hydroquinone at high dosage for a long time is considered unsafe for your health.
Is hydroquinone safe for face while breastfeeding? It should be avoided when planning to conceive, during pregnancy and when breastfeeding. There is no specified effects but it may be harmful to your pregnancy or to the baby. Consult your doctor on its dosages before the use.
Hydroquinone Side Effects – Adverse Effects
Hydroquinone is a compound used in making skin lightening products. Its use is targeted to reduce the skin hyperpigmentation, acne marks, pregnancy marks, sun spots, dark sports, freckles and other skin problems. It works by disrupting synthesis and the production of melanin.
It is very effective in treating skin hyperpigmentation but its safety is a big worry among the users. From the various studies done on its use, it has carcinogenic effects when applied to the skin continuously over a long time. Its ability to inhibit melanin also causes an adverse effects to the pigment cells of the skin.
The use of hydroquinone is already illegal in some countries such as Europe. Despite of others countries illegalizing and subjecting more controversy to its use, United States Food and Drugs Administration still holds its approval as legal.
Most of the U.S population is aware of its adverse effects and they are using alternative methods such as skin lightening home remedies. Its only approximately 2% of population that still use the hydroquinone products. From the various study done, the following hydroquinone cream side effects emerged as a threat to human life:
The use of hydroquinone products causes irritations when applied to the skin. This situation can become can even become worse to people who have an already sensitive skin and hypersensitive to allergens.
Its overuse on a regular basis can cause hydroquinone side effects such as skin inflammations or a burning sensation, redness and skin itches. Its products are frequently used in addition with topical steroids to minimize such effects to the skin
The present of hydroquinone in a product can stimulate the skin to become sensitive to other ingredients contained in that product. This causes more skin irritations and damage especially to the pigment cells. Hydroquinone cannot be sold on its own. It has to be added in other ingredients.
Increases Skin Sensitivity to UVA and UVB
Hydroquinone is good in reducing and inhibiting the production of melanin. This makes your skin lighter and sensitive to the UVA and UVB rays. This makes your skin to be at a greater risk of sunburns and certain types of skin cancer when exposed to the sunlight for a prolonged period of time.
Sunburns may causes more skin irritations and damage to a sensitive skin. You may end up with more skin pigmentations than even before.
When using hydroquinone you are advised to keep yourself away from the sun or use protective clothing’s such as long sleeved, a hat and goggles. According to some of our lifestyles and work we may not afford to stay indoors all the time and the number of people who are willing to put on protective clothing are also few. According to skintrium
It Causes Ochronosis
Ochronosis is a long term side effect on skin that is caused by prolonged and overuse of chemicals. This condition causes skin to become darker and thicker than initially. From the various research done ochronosis is among the long-term hydroquinone side effects to your skin.
Excessive application of products that contain this compound is toxic. It may cause different problems such as nausea, seizures, ringing of the year and bluish skin due to inadequate supply of oxygen to the blood. You are recommended to use low dosages to minimize toxicity.
Avoid using the hydroquinone products while breastfeeding or during pregnancy. The side effects are not clearly defined but the chances of the compound passing through the breastmilk to be baby is high. Consult your doctor or pharmacy before its use.
Hydroquinone Cream Side Effects – skin cancer
Most people uses hydroquinone products to lighten their skin from acne marks, sunburns and dark sports without knowing the long term side effects that are associated to skin cancer and other types such as acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) that affects bone marrow and the white blood cells.
Hydroquinone comes from metabolism of benzene which is a carcinogen or it has cancer causing properties. Benzene is a major factor in causing acute myelogenous leukemia that affects the inner tissues and bone marrow where the white blood cells are formed.
This type of cancer develops quickly to dominate the white blood cell. It therefore destructs the formation of white blood cells that are very important in fighting diseases and the body immunity. Patients who suffers from this type of cancer are prone to bleedings.
They also suffers from a condition known as anemia. The acute myelogenous leukemia patients are diagnosed by symptoms such as shortness in breath, paleness, weight loss, skin lesions, fever, gum bleeding, bruises, nose bleed and painful bones. According to acute myelogenous leukemia.
The other hydroquinone side effects that risks the skin to cancer is when is applied for a prolonged time. It inhibits the skin from producing melanin. Melanin is a self-defense mechanism that protects the skin from harmful solar radiations.
However, when the skin is inhibited from producing melanin, it becomes defenseless from the harmful ultra violet rays from the sun. The skin becomes vulnerable to the formation of skin cancer. When this compound is applied to the skin, it reacts with ultra violet rays to re-oxidize hence making more skin pigmentations than before.
When using such products, you should limit the time spend out to the sun especially from 10am to 12 pm. You are also advised to put on protective clothing’s such as long sleeved, goggles and a hat when you spend your day out to the sun to avoid skin cancer and other problems.
Hydroquinone carcinogen properties may also cause skin cancer when applied to the skin. This is from the various researches done, though it was not involving human tests.
More scientific research is being done to find out more about the carcinogen properties of this product. Therefore it is not worthy to risk your life on its use in the name of trying to lighten your sin. You can consider to use other best skin lightening creams that does not contain hydroquinone compounds.
Hydroquinone Before and after – skin whitening
Get in lighted on the pictures showing before and after skin lightening.
Hydroquinone Effectiveness- for Skin Lightening
There are many non-hydroquinone skin lighteners that claims to fade away the skin sports and freckles but we are going to focus only on the use of hydroquinone in skin whitening. For the past 20 years, this compound has been used for skin whitening.
It effectively inhibits the skin from producing melanin and also it has the ability of reducing skin discolorations. This compound works by lightening the skin and not bleaching, it disrupt the skin cells from synthesizing and producing melanin that causes skin darkening.
The hydroquinone side effects has caused more controversial for its topical use. Some of the countries have illegalized its use but United States Food and Drug Administration still approves it as safe and good for use.
Hydroquinone comes in two different concentration of 2% that is used for cosmetic purposes and 4% that is available under a physician prescription. Its low concentration of 0.5% to 0.1% is added in other products such as tretinoin to prevent or treat sunburn sports and other forms skin pigmentations.
From the various research done on the safety of hydroquinone, it shows that there are only minor negative side effects that are caused by its use. Serious negative effects are only encountered when the product containing this compound is used in high dosages over a prolonged period of time. According to Wikipedia.
Read the manufacturers instruction well before using this product. You are not supposed to use this product when your skin is hypersensitive to allergen. It may cause skin burnings and irritations. Stop its use in case you notice the allergic symptoms.